Anonym.OS is an interesting development on the LiveCD front. Its an OpenBSD based operating system on a CD, engineered for anonymity.
According to the various news sources, Anonym.OS is running in secure mode, but changes its TCP packet length, and other technical details, to make it appear as a Windows XP SP1 system.
This is an interesting concept, and it does indeed seem to be engineered for anonymity. Provided it doesn’t leave any unique fingerprint, this should be a fairly big step towards reclaiming some anonymity.
The project website itself talks of government surveillance and corporate content restrictions. The Anonym.OS CD contains “strong tools for anonymising and encrypting connections”.
Anonym.OS makes use of the Tor network; an onion routing network which uses an array of servers to pass encrypted traffic. This prevents tracing, but slows down the connection considerably.